2.1. Economic value chain analysis of an ESS
This sub-activity will deliver economical battery life cycle analysis for an ESS, starting from the producer of the module and ending when the ESS goes for end of-life handling (reuse, recycling, or recovery). It will include an assessment of when a battery should no longer be reused but recycled. Being able to extend the life cycle of a battery can help Europe build up its recycling capacity while at the same time keeping valuable raw material in Europe.
2.2. Best Available Technology (BAT) for recycling of ESS and batteries
This task will focus on assessing different options and selecting the best available approach to recycling of energy storage batteries in a financially viable way. The biggest Tesla batteries are 100 kWh and Volvo’s hybrid cars are 10 kWh. For this project we are discussing 8 MWh. Assessing whether existing recycling solutions are scalable will be important.
2.3. Business case
This sub-activity will focus on assessing the recycling business case, taking all relevant cost items into consideration.